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Potential of Beetroot and Blackcurrant Compounds to Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors

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School of Health Sciences, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
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School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
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Centre for Metabolic Health Research, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
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School of Health Sciences, Massey University, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
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Centre for Metabolic Health Research, Massey University, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
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Food Innovation Portfolio, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd., Private Bag 11600, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cholsoon Jang
Metabolites 2021, 11(6), 338; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11060338
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 25 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Metabolism)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of metabolic abnormalities, which together lead to increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), as well as reduced quality of life. Dietary nitrate, betalains and anthocyanins may improve risk factors for MetS and reduce the risk of development of CHD and T2DM. Beetroot is a rich source of dietary nitrate, and anthocyanins are present in high concentrations in blackcurrants. This narrative review considers the efficacy of beetroot and blackcurrant compounds as potential agents to improve MetS risk factors, which could lead to decreased risk of CHD and T2DM. Further research is needed to establish the mechanisms through which these outcomes may occur, and chronic supplementation studies in humans may corroborate promising findings from animal models and acute human trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; dietary nitrate; betalains; hyperglycemia; hypertension; dyslipidemia; diabetes; glucose control anthocyanins; dietary nitrate; betalains; hyperglycemia; hypertension; dyslipidemia; diabetes; glucose control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Haswell, C.; Ali, A.; Page, R.; Hurst, R.; Rutherfurd-Markwick, K. Potential of Beetroot and Blackcurrant Compounds to Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors. Metabolites 2021, 11, 338. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11060338

AMA Style

Haswell C, Ali A, Page R, Hurst R, Rutherfurd-Markwick K. Potential of Beetroot and Blackcurrant Compounds to Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors. Metabolites. 2021; 11(6):338. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11060338

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haswell, Cameron, Ajmol Ali, Rachel Page, Roger Hurst, and Kay Rutherfurd-Markwick. 2021. "Potential of Beetroot and Blackcurrant Compounds to Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors" Metabolites 11, no. 6: 338. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11060338

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