Open Innovation in Times of Crisis: An Overview of the Healthcare Sector in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
1. Introduction and Background
2. Literature Review
2.1. Open Innovation
2.2. Ecosystem and Systems of Innovation
3. Research Methodology
4. Findings and Discussions
4.1. Crowdsourcing and Social Innovation
4.2. Digitalization and Platform Innovation
4.3. Modularity, Design, and Technology Exaptation
4.4. Relationship, Network and Ecosystem
4.5. Summary of the Findings
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Suresh et al. ||The paper analyzes the factors influencing the healthcare system during COVID-19 using a TISM approach. Accessibility and availability of the required resources, training and development, and collaboration and resilience are the key driving factors.|
|Mallikarjuna et al. ||This paper supports deep neural network (DNN) analysis in healthcare and the COVID-19 pandemic and gives the smart contract procedure to identify the feature extracted data (FED) from the existing data. At the same time, the innovation will be useful to analyze future diseases.|
|Abidi et al. ||The challenges and constraints imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic have demonstrated the importance of coordinating the efforts of all parties, including those of entrepreneurial universities in order to develop vaccines and generate healthcare solutions, which could be patented and commercialized afterwards.|
|Chiarini et al. ||During the COVID-19 pandemic, many manufacturing companies quickly adopted a network-based production approach to provide a rapid response to healthcare organizations needing PPEs. This paper addresses the topic of social manufacturing, with the aim of understanding the key features of such a new manufacturing, network-based model, its enabling factors, and the reasons why a company should join and/or establish it.|
|Vermicelli et al. ||Crowdsourcing and harnessing the power of crowds and online communities can help tackle the COVID-19 pandemic|
|Abbassi et al. ||The paper explores how a crisis can spontaneously create these collaborations between the maker’s community, the users (public healthcare professionals), and key stakeholders (universities, civil society, and the private sector among others) in PPE production.|
|Guarcello and Raupp ||Taking the widespread adoption of telemedicine as an example of innovation processes, the paper identifies which key innovation determinants are participating in the innovation adoption process and what type of contextual conditions are relevant for its development|
|Hanisch and Rake ||In the trials concerning drug testing, we find that drug repurposing is a predominant innovation strategy|
|Dąbrowska et al. ||This paper illustrates how GetUsPPE, a community-driven platform, emerged during the crisis as a response to the PPE shortage and rapidly established an ecosystem that brings together a diverse group of community-based stakeholders to combat the scarcity of medical consumables.|
|Project||Open Innovation Activities (Key Themes)|
|3D-printed and DIY PPE|
|PPE product and process repurpose|
|Testing technology development|
|Rapid hospital construction|
|Telemedicine and IoT/AI based healthcare|
|Ventilator design and production|
|Drug and treatment development|
|Other healthcare, business and community support|
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Liu, Z.; Shi, Y.; Yang, B. Open Innovation in Times of Crisis: An Overview of the Healthcare Sector in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2022, 8, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc8010021
Liu Z, Shi Y, Yang B. Open Innovation in Times of Crisis: An Overview of the Healthcare Sector in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 2022; 8(1):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc8010021Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Zheng, Yongjiang Shi, and Bo Yang. 2022. "Open Innovation in Times of Crisis: An Overview of the Healthcare Sector in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic" Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 8, no. 1: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc8010021