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Open Innovation in SMEs: Potential and Realized Absorptive Capacity for Interorganizational Learning in Dyad Collaborations with Academia

Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación (ESIME-Z), Ciudad de México 07738, Mexico
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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(3), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5030072
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 13 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Open Innovation in Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises)
Due to a variety of barriers to develop innovation, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) find it necessary to collaborate with external sources of knowledge. The current study analyses the collaboration between SMEs and academia over an open innovation setting in Mexico. An absorptive capacity (ACAP) approach has been applied to understanding the process of developing new knowledge for achieving innovation. A two-part questionnaire was developed with the aim of assessing the ACAP of a new joint research unit. Data was collected from a local group of SMEs that collaborated as dyads with academia supported by a government program of innovation in Mexico. The result shows that there was a moderate potential and realized ACAP in the sample; these results are mutually related with both parts of the questionnaire which supports our findings. In conclusion, exploitation of new knowledge is a complex dimension for creating value from collaboration, which makes the outcome difficult to measure using traditional means. It can be argued that exploiting new knowledge for innovation is an iterative process of learning when exploring new sources of knowledge from academia. View Full-Text
Keywords: open innovation; absorptive capacity; collaboration; joint research unit; exploitation; SMEs open innovation; absorptive capacity; collaboration; joint research unit; exploitation; SMEs
MDPI and ACS Style

Avalos-Quispe, G.A.; Hernández-Simón, L.M. Open Innovation in SMEs: Potential and Realized Absorptive Capacity for Interorganizational Learning in Dyad Collaborations with Academia. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5, 72.

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