Previous Article in Journal
Basic Income with High Open Innovation Dynamics: The Way to the Entrepreneurial State
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

An Investigation on Responsible Innovation in the Emerging Shared Bicycle Industry: Case Study of a Chinese Firm

1,2,*, 2,3,*, 2 and 4
1
Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, Pontypridd CF37 1DL, UK
2
Centre for Innovation and Development, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
3
School of Public Affairs, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
4
School of Intellectual Property, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5030042
Received: 2 June 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
  |  
PDF [1498 KB, uploaded 15 July 2019]
  |  

Abstract

In the current era of Industrial 4.0, open innovation, and the sharing economy, innovation ecosystems are formed through government-industry-university (triple helix) interaction. The concept of responsible innovation has emerged to explore how innovation can be conducted in a transparent, trustworthy, and sustainable way so as to respond to the public interest. While current literature provides a conceptual framework, details of how responsible innovation can be formed, developed, and sustained in the sharing economy, in particular in developing countries, have been under-explored. This paper aims to explore factors of responsible innovation, linking dimensions with business practice, and identify the dynamic stages of the industry life cycle. Through an in-depth case study of China’s shared bicycle industry and the firm Hellobike, this paper has prioritized factors which lead to responsibility, such as user safety and friendliness in product design, real-time operations combined with big data, collaboration between industry and local government for industry standardization, and user credit systems. It has enriched key dimensions based on literature and case studies and proposed dynamic interaction models for industry, government, users, and universities at different stages of responsible innovation in the shared bicycle sector. From this empirical study, future research areas have been identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsible innovation; triple helix; sharing economy; China responsible innovation; triple helix; sharing economy; China
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Z.; Ma, L.; Zhu, Y.; Ji, W. An Investigation on Responsible Innovation in the Emerging Shared Bicycle Industry: Case Study of a Chinese Firm. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5, 42.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top