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Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients Six Months after the Completion of Chemotherapy

1
Nursing Department, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, 57400 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Psychologist, MSc, 19009 Athens, Greece
3
Nursing Department, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, 57400 Thessaloniki, Greece
4
Faculty of Physical Education, Aristotele University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thermi Thessaloniki, Greece
5
General Hospital Imathias, 59132 Veria, Greece
6
Department of University Orthopedic, MSc, MHSc, PhD, General Hospital of Nea Ionia “Konstantopouleio-Patision”, 14233 Athens, Greece
7
Department of Infection Control, MSc, MHSc, PhD(c), General Hospital of Nea Ionia “Konstantopouleio-Patision”, 14233 Athens, Greece
8
Nursing Department, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diseases 2019, 7(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010026
Received: 3 November 2018 / Revised: 17 February 2019 / Accepted: 22 February 2019 / Published: 24 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuro-psychiatric Disorders - from Diagnosis to Care)
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Abstract

Purpose: To assess breast cancer patients’ quality of life six months after the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy, and to investigate factors affecting this. Methods: The study was conducted in one large hospital located in a major Greek city. A convenience sample of 61 breast cancer outpatients was recruited. A questionnaire, including the SF-36 scale and questions regarding demographic and clinical information, was used to collect data. Results: The mean age of the patients was 51.52 ± 12.10. The effect of age on the physical role was significant (p = 0.003). Τhe effect of menopausal status on physical role was also found to be significant (p = 0.003); this might be explained by age. Regarding the treatment type, patients who received hormone therapy in addition to surgery and chemotherapy reported a significantly higher quality of life in terms of bodily pain (p = 0.04) and vitality (p = 0.04) than patients who underwent only surgery and chemotherapy. Conclusions: Quality of life is affected by factors such as age, menopausal status, and previous therapy. Health care professionals should be more aware of the factors that influence the quality of life domains (physical role, bodily pain, vitality) within this group of cancer patients in order to meet their needs following acute treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; breast cancer; chemotherapy quality of life; breast cancer; chemotherapy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Lavdaniti, M.; Owens, D.A.; Liamopoulou, P.; Marmara, K.; Zioga, E.; Mantzanas, M.S.; Evangelidou, E.; Vlachou, E. Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients Six Months after the Completion of Chemotherapy. Diseases 2019, 7, 26.

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