Quantitative Risk Assessment Model of Human Salmonellosis Resulting from Consumption of Broiler Chicken
Abstract(1) Background: Salmonella infections are a major cause of illnesses in the United States. Each year around 450 people die from the disease and more than 23,000 people are hospitalized. Salmonella outbreaks are commonly associated with eggs, meat and poultry. In this study, a quantitative risk assessment model (QRAM) was developed to determine Salmonella infections in broiler chicken. (2) Methods: Data of positive Salmonella infections were obtained from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System, in addition to published literature. The Decision Tools @RISK add-in software was used for various analyses and to develop the QRAM. The farm-to-fork pathway was modeled as a series of unit operations and associated pathogen events that included initial contamination at the broiler house (node 1), contamination at the slaughter house (node 2), contamination at retail (node 3), cross-contamination during serving and cooking (node 4), and finally the dose–response model after consumption. (3) Results: QRAM of Salmonella infections from broiler meat showed highest contribution of infection from the retail node (33.5%). (4) Conclusions: This QRAM that predicts the risk of Salmonella infections could be used as a guiding tool to manage the Salmonella control programs View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Akil, L.; Ahmad, H.A. Quantitative Risk Assessment Model of Human Salmonellosis Resulting from Consumption of Broiler Chicken. Diseases 2019, 7, 19.
Akil L, Ahmad HA. Quantitative Risk Assessment Model of Human Salmonellosis Resulting from Consumption of Broiler Chicken. Diseases. 2019; 7(1):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
Akil, Luma; Ahmad, H. A. 2019. "Quantitative Risk Assessment Model of Human Salmonellosis Resulting from Consumption of Broiler Chicken." Diseases 7, no. 1: 19.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.