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The Neglect and Fast Spread of Some Arboviruses: A Note for Healthcare Providers in Nigeria

Infectious Diseases and Environmental Health Research Group, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 240003, Nigeria
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Diseases 2018, 6(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases6040099
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Host-pathogen Interactions in Ebola, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses)
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Abstract

Arboviruses are distributed worldwide and constitute significant health burden globally. Outbreaks of arboviruses have been reported in Africa and beyond. In Nigeria, like in many other countries, arbovirus infections are more often than not neglected. As the early clinical features of arbovirus infections are generally nonspecific, most healthcare providers mistake them for other diseases. Outbreaks have been reported in Africa and beyond. The consequence of missed diagnosis of diseases cannot be overstated. In this review, some epidemiological data, classical syndromes, and risk factors for five human arboviruses (yellow fever YF, dengue DENV, chikungunya CHIKV, Rift Valley fever RVF, and West Nile virus WNV) found in Nigeria are presented. Health practitioners should ensure in-depth analysis rather than a superficial diagnosis of diseases before declaring a course of treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: arbovirus; epidemiological; mosquito; clinical manifestation; Nigeria arbovirus; epidemiological; mosquito; clinical manifestation; Nigeria
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kolawole, O.M.; Seriki, A.A.; Irekeola, A.A.; Ogah, J.I. The Neglect and Fast Spread of Some Arboviruses: A Note for Healthcare Providers in Nigeria. Diseases 2018, 6, 99.

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