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Diseases 2018, 6(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases6020032

Self-Medication with Antibiotics, Attitude and Knowledge of Antibiotic Resistance among Community Residents and Undergraduate Students in Northwest Nigeria

1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Kalgo Road P.M.B. 1157, Birnin Kebbi 860222, Kebbi State, Nigeria
2
Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Art, Social and Management Sciences, Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kalgo Road P.M.B. 1157, Birnin Kebbi 860222, Kebbi State, Nigeria
3
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu 400241, Nigeria
4
Immunization, Vaccines and Emergencies, World Health Organization, Kebbi State Field Office, Birnin Kebbi 860222, Nigeria
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 March 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 27 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease)
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Abstract

This study set out to evaluate self-medicated antibiotics and knowledge of antibiotic resistance among undergraduate students and community members in northern Nigeria. Antibiotic consumption pattern, source of prescription, illnesses commonly treated, attitude towards antibiotics, and knowledge of antibiotic resistance were explored using a structured questionnaire. Responses were analyzed and summarized using descriptive statistics. Of the 1230 respondents from undergraduate students and community members, prescription of antibiotics by a physician was 33% and 57%, respectively, amongst undergraduate students and community members. We tested the respondents’ knowledge of antibiotic resistance (ABR) and found that undergraduate students displayed less knowledge that self-medication could lead to ABR (32.6% and 42.2% respectively). Self-medication with antibiotics is highly prevalent in Northwest Nigeria, with most medicines being purchased from un-licensed stores without prescription from a physician. We also observed a significant gap in respondents’ knowledge of ABR. There is an urgent need for public health authorities in Nigeria to enforce existing laws on antibiotics sales and enlighten the people on the dangers of ABR. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-medication; antibiotic resistance; community; undergraduates self-medication; antibiotic resistance; community; undergraduates
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Ajibola, O.; Omisakin, O.A.; Eze, A.A.; Omoleke, S.A. Self-Medication with Antibiotics, Attitude and Knowledge of Antibiotic Resistance among Community Residents and Undergraduate Students in Northwest Nigeria. Diseases 2018, 6, 32.

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