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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Thermoelectric Performance Enhancement of Naturally Occurring Bi and Chitosan Composite Films Using Energy Efficient Method

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
2
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
3
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
4
Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(3), 532; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030532
Received: 1 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Harvesting and Storage Applications)
This work presents an energy efficient technique for fabricating flexible thermoelectric generators while using printable ink. We have fabricated thermoelectric composite thick films using two different mesh sizes of n-type bismuth particles, various binder to thermoelectric material weight ratios, and two different pressures, 200 MPa and 300 MPa, in order to optimize the thermoelectric properties of the composite films. The use of chitosan dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide with less than 0.2 wt. % of chitosan, the first time chitosan has been used in this process, was sufficient for fabricating TE inks and composite films. Low temperature curing processes, along with uniaxial pressure, were used to evaporate the solvent from the drop-casted inks. This combination reduced the temperature needed compared to traditional curing processes while simultaneously increasing the packing density of the film by removing the pores and voids in the chitosan-bismuth composite film. Microstructural analysis of the composite films reveals low amounts of voids and pores when pressed at sufficiently high pressures. The highest performing composite film was obtained with the weight ratio of 1:2000 binder to bismuth, 100-mesh particle size, and 300 MPa of pressure. The best performing bismuth chitosan composite film that was pressed at 300 MPa had a power factor of 4009 ± 391 μW/m K2 with high electrical conductivity of 7337 ± 522 S/cm. The measured thermal conductivity of this same sample was 4.4 ± 0.8 W/m K and the corresponding figure of merit was 0.27 at room temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: composite thermoelectric film; bismuth; mechanical pressure; chitosan composite thermoelectric film; bismuth; mechanical pressure; chitosan
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Jang, E.; Banerjee, P.; Huang, J.; Holley, R.; Gaskins, J.T.; Hoque, M.S.B.; Hopkins, P.E.; Madan, D. Thermoelectric Performance Enhancement of Naturally Occurring Bi and Chitosan Composite Films Using Energy Efficient Method. Electronics 2020, 9, 532.

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