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Open AccessFeature PaperEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Efficient Opportunistic Routing Protocol for Sensor Network in Emergency Applications

1
Department of Computer Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdul Aziz University, Al-Kharj 16278, Saudi Arabia
2
School of Information and Communication Technology, Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology, Toronto, ON M2J 2X5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(3), 455; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030455
Received: 15 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 8 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crowdsensing for Wireless Communication and Networking)
Routing or forwarding information, such as the location of incidents and victims in a disaster, is significantly important for quick and accurate incident response. However, forwarding such information in disaster areas has been a challenging task for the Wireless Sensor Network as existing networks are affected (destroyed or overused) the disaster. Opportunistic information forwarding can play a vital role in such circumstances. Existing opportunistic routing protocols require huge message transmissions for cluster restoration, which is not energy efficient and results in packet loss. Hence, this paper introduces an energy efficient and reliable opportunistic density cluster-based routing protocol that opportunistically transmits data using a density-clustering protocol for emergency and disaster situations. Simulation results show that the proposed protocol outperforms some existing and well-known routing protocols in terms of network energy consumption, throughput and successful data transmissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile sensor network; opportunistic routing; density clustering; disaster routing; energy efficient; throughput; packet loss ratio mobile sensor network; opportunistic routing; density clustering; disaster routing; energy efficient; throughput; packet loss ratio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-kahtani, M.S.; Karim, L.; Khan, N. Efficient Opportunistic Routing Protocol for Sensor Network in Emergency Applications. Electronics 2020, 9, 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030455

AMA Style

Al-kahtani MS, Karim L, Khan N. Efficient Opportunistic Routing Protocol for Sensor Network in Emergency Applications. Electronics. 2020; 9(3):455. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030455

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-kahtani, Mohammed S.; Karim, Lutful; Khan, Nargis. 2020. "Efficient Opportunistic Routing Protocol for Sensor Network in Emergency Applications" Electronics 9, no. 3: 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030455

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