Recently, various deep learning-based models have been applied in the study of recommender systems. Some researches have combined the classic collaborative filtering method with deep learning frameworks in order to obtain more accurate recommendations. However, these models either add additional features, but still recommend in the original linear manner, or only extract the global latent factors of the rating matrices in a non-linear way without considering some local special relationships. In this paper, we propose a deep learning framework for explicit recommender systems, named Attention Collaborative Autoencoder (ACAE). Based on the denoising autoencoder, our model can extract the global latent factors in a non-linear fashion from the sparse rating matrices. In ACAE, attention units are introduced during back propagation, enabling discovering potential relationships between users and items in the neighborhood, which makes the model obtain better results in the rating prediction tasks. In addition, we propose how to optimize the training process of the model by proposing a new loss function. Experiments on two public datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of ACAE and its outperformance of competitive baselines.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited