Next Article in Journal
Neural Network-Based Aircraft Conflict Prediction in Final Approach Maneuvers
Previous Article in Journal
Self-Attentive Multi-Layer Aggregation with Feature Recalibration and Deep Length Normalization for Text-Independent Speaker Verification System
Previous Article in Special Issue
A DC-DC Center-Tapped Resonant Dual-Active Bridge with Two Modulation Techniques
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Requirements for Validation of Dynamic Wind Turbine Models: An International Grid Code Review

1
Renewable Energy Research Institute and DIEEAC-ETSII-AB, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
2
Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, S.A., 31621 Pamplona, Spain
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1707; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101707
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 9 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
Wind power is positioned as one of the fastest-growing energy sources today, while also being a mature technology with a strong capacity for creating employment and guaranteeing environmental sustainability. However, the stochastic nature of wind may affect the integration of power plants into power systems and the availability of generation capacity. In this sense, as in the case of conventional power plants, wind power installations should be able to help maintain power system stability and reliability. To help achieve this objective, a significant number of countries have developed so-called grid interconnection agreements. These are designed to define the technical and behavioral requirements that wind power installations, as well as other power plants, must comply with when seeking connection to the national network. These documents also detail the tasks that should be conducted to certify such installations, so these can be commercially exploited. These certification processes allow countries to assess wind turbine and wind power plant simulation models. These models can then be used to estimate and simulate wind power performance under a variety of scenarios. Within this framework, and with a particular focus on the new Spanish grid code, the present paper addresses the validation process of dynamic wind turbine models followed in three countries—Spain, Germany and South Africa. In these three countries, and as a novel option, it has been proposed that these models form part of the commissioning and certification processes of wind power plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: German TG 4; IEC 61400-27-2; model validation; NERSA; PO 12.3; PVVC; South African grid code; Spanish NTS; wind power; wind turbine dynamic model German TG 4; IEC 61400-27-2; model validation; NERSA; PO 12.3; PVVC; South African grid code; Spanish NTS; wind power; wind turbine dynamic model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Villena-Ruiz, R.; Honrubia-Escribano, A.; Jiménez-Buendía, F.; Molina-García, Á.; Gómez-Lázaro, E. Requirements for Validation of Dynamic Wind Turbine Models: An International Grid Code Review. Electronics 2020, 9, 1707.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop