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Floating Car Data Adaptive Traffic Signals: A Description of the First Real-Time Experiment with “Connected” Vehicles

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via Bucci Cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende, Italy
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Electronics 2020, 9(1), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9010114
Received: 11 December 2019 / Revised: 27 December 2019 / Accepted: 1 January 2020 / Published: 7 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS))
The future of traffic management will be based on “connected” and “autonomous” vehicles. With connected vehicles it is possible to gather real-time information. The main potential application of this information is in real-time adaptive traffic signal control. Despite the feasibility of using Floating Car Data (FCD), for signal control, there have been practically no real experiments with all “connected” vehicles to regulate traffic signals in real-time. Most of the research in this field has been carried out with simulations. The purpose of this study is to present a dedicated system that was implemented in the first experiment of an FCD-based adaptive traffic signal. For the first time in the history of traffic management, a traffic signal has been regulated in real time with real “connected” vehicles. This paper describes the entire path of software and system development that has allowed us to make the steps from just simulation test to a real on-field implementation. Results of the experiments carried out with the presented system prove the feasibility of FCD adaptive traffic signals with commonly-used technologies and also establishes a test-bed that may help others to develop better regulation algorithms for these kinds of new “connected” intersections.
Keywords: adaptive traffic signals; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Floating Car Data; traffic management; connected and autonomous vehicles adaptive traffic signals; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Floating Car Data; traffic management; connected and autonomous vehicles
MDPI and ACS Style

Astarita, V.; Giofré, V.P.; Festa, D.C.; Guido, G.; Vitale, A. Floating Car Data Adaptive Traffic Signals: A Description of the First Real-Time Experiment with “Connected” Vehicles. Electronics 2020, 9, 114.

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