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Comprehensive Study on Dynamic Parameters of Symmetric and Asymmetric Ultracapacitors

Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel
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Electronics 2019, 8(8), 891; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8080891
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 6 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Circuit and Signal Processing)
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Abstract

Electrical storage components such as ultracapacitors (UC) have received significant attention from various industrial sectors, from electric vehicles to renewable power plants. This article presents the investigations on dynamic properties of asymmetric Li-ion hybrid (CPQ2300S: 2300 F, 2.2–3.8 V, JSR Co., Tokyo, Japan) and symmetric double-layer (BCAP3400: 3400 F, 2.85 V, Maxwell Technologies Co., San Diego, CA, USA) ultracapacitors. The internal resistance and capacitance of both UCs were slightly changed with respect to current and voltage alterations, but these changes were more prominent for the Li-ion UC. The internal resistance of the Li-ion UC became five times larger and its capacitance decreased significantly when the temperature decreased from +25 °C to −20 °C. More importantly, the double-layer UC exhibited nearly constant capacitance for a wide range of temperature changes (0 °C to −40 °C), although internal resistance increased somewhat. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis of both UCs was performed for the frequency range of 1 Hz–1 kHz and in the temperature range from −15 °C to +30 °C. It was observed that the temperature effects were much more pronounced for the asymmetric Li-ion UC than that of the symmetric double-layer UC. This work also proposes an improved equivalent circuit model based on an infinite number of resistance-capacitance (r–C) chains. The characteristic behavior of symmetric UCs can be explained precisely by the proposed model. This model is also applicable to asymmetric UCs, but with less precision. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric storage components; Li-ion UC; double-layer UC; capacitance; internal resistance; internal impedances electric storage components; Li-ion UC; double-layer UC; capacitance; internal resistance; internal impedances
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Abetbool, Y.; Rajput, S.; Yahalom, A.; Averbukh, M. Comprehensive Study on Dynamic Parameters of Symmetric and Asymmetric Ultracapacitors. Electronics 2019, 8, 891.

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