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Open AccessArticle

Fine Frequency Acquisition Scheme in Weak Signal Environment for a Communication and Navigation Fusion System

School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
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Electronics 2019, 8(8), 829; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8080829
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 23 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 25 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Localization: Technologies and Challenges)
A novel communication and navigation fusion system (CNFS) was developed to realized high accuracy positioning in constrained conditions. Communication and navigation fusion signal transmitted by base stations are in the same time and frequency band but are allocated different power levels. The positioning receiver of CNFS requires signal coverage of at least four base stations to realize positioning. The improvement of receiver sensitivity is an important way to expand signal coverage of base station. As an essential stage of signal processing in CNFS positioning receiver, signal acquisition requires a trade-off between improvement of acquisition frequency accuracy and reduction in computational load. A new acquisition algorithm called PMF-FC-BA-FFT method is proposed to acquire the carrier frequency accurately with lower computational load in a weak signal environment. The received signal is firstly filtered by partially matched filters (PMF) with local replica pseudorandom noise (PRN) sequences being coefficients to strip off the PRN code in the signal. Frequency compensation (FC) was performed to avoid the large attenuation in block accumulation (BA) and generate a series of signals with a small frequency offset step. Block accumulation was then executed. Finally, the acquisition detection was performed based on a series of fast Fourier transformation (FFT) outputs to obtain acquisition results with fine frequency estimation. Simulations and experimental tests results show that the proposed method can realize high accuracy frequency acquisition in a weak signal environment with fewer computational resources compared with existing acquisition methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: communication and navigation fusion system; block accumulation; weak signal; frequency estimation accuracy; acquisition communication and navigation fusion system; block accumulation; weak signal; frequency estimation accuracy; acquisition
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Deng, Z.; Jia, B.; Tang, S.; Fu, X.; Mo, J. Fine Frequency Acquisition Scheme in Weak Signal Environment for a Communication and Navigation Fusion System. Electronics 2019, 8, 829.

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