An EMD-Based Algorithm for Emboli Detection in Echo Doppler Audio Signals
AbstractDivers’ health state after underwater activity can be assessed after the immersion using precordial echo Doppler examination. An audio analysis of the acquired signals is performed by specialist doctors to detect circulating gas bubbles in the vascular system and to evaluate the decompression sickness risk. Since on-site medical assistance cannot always be guaranteed, we propose a system for automatic emboli detection using a custom portable device connected to the echo Doppler instrument. The empirical mode decomposition method is used to develop a real-time algorithm able to automatically detect embolic events and, consequently, assess the decompression sickness risk according to the Spencer’s scale. The proposed algorithm has been tested according to an experimental protocol approved by the Divers Alert Network. It involved 30 volunteer divers and produced 37 echo Doppler files useful for the algorithm’s performances evaluation. The results obtained by the proposed emboli detection algorithm (83% sensitivity and 76% specificity) make the system particularly suitable for real-time evaluation of the decompression sickness risk level. Furthermore, the system could also be used in continuous monitoring of hospitalized patients with embolic risks such as post surgery ones. View Full-Text
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Pierleoni, P.; Palma, L.; Belli, A.; Pieri, M.; Maurizi, L.; Pellegrini, M.; Marroni, A. An EMD-Based Algorithm for Emboli Detection in Echo Doppler Audio Signals. Electronics 2019, 8, 824.
Pierleoni P, Palma L, Belli A, Pieri M, Maurizi L, Pellegrini M, Marroni A. An EMD-Based Algorithm for Emboli Detection in Echo Doppler Audio Signals. Electronics. 2019; 8(8):824.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pierleoni, Paola; Palma, Lorenzo; Belli, Alberto; Pieri, Massimo; Maurizi, Lorenzo; Pellegrini, Marco; Marroni, Alessandro. 2019. "An EMD-Based Algorithm for Emboli Detection in Echo Doppler Audio Signals." Electronics 8, no. 8: 824.
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