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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

MIMO Radar Using a Vector Network Analyzer

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON K7K 7B4 Ontario, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(12), 1447;
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 12 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microwave and Wireless Communications)
In this paper, a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar system was developed using a Keysight’s N5244A 4-port PNA-X network analyzer and Simulink. The system can transmit and receive TDM stepped-frequency continuous wave signals with a total sweep bandwidth of 450 MHz. The system also provides a reliable, self-contained phase-coherent RF front-end across four RF channels, which is a critical requirement for MIMO Radar signal processing algorithms. A Simulink model was built to organize the collected S-parameters into a virtual array and to perform IFFT processing so that range and angle information from targets could be extracted. The experimental results show the ability of the MIMO radar to distinguish between multiple closely spaced targets with a 33 cm range resolution and a 19o angle resolution.
Keywords: MIMO radar; PNA-X; Simulink; beamforming MIMO radar; PNA-X; Simulink; beamforming
MDPI and ACS Style

Hefnawi, M.; Bray, J.; Bathurst, J.; Antar, Y. MIMO Radar Using a Vector Network Analyzer. Electronics 2019, 8, 1447.

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