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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Fuel Cell Hybrid Model for Predicting Hydrogen Inflow through Energy Demand

1
University of A Coruña, Department of Industrial Engineering, Avda. 19 de febrero s/n, 15495, Ferrol, A Coruña, Spain
2
University of Huelva, Department of Electronic Engineering, Computer Systems and Automatic, Campus de El Carmen, 21071, Huelva, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Electronics 2019, 8(11), 1325; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8111325
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 10 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Modelling and Control in Renewable Energy Systems)
Hydrogen-based energy storage and generation is an increasingly used technology, especially in renewable systems because they are non-polluting devices. Fuel cells are complex nonlinear systems, so a good model is required to establish efficient control strategies. This paper presents a hybrid model to predict the variation of H2 flow of a hydrogen fuel cell. This model combining clusters’ techniques to get multiple Artificial Neural Networks models whose results are merged by Polynomial Regression algorithms to obtain a more accurate estimate. The model proposed in this article use the power generated by the fuel cell, the hydrogen inlet flow, and the desired power variation, to predict the necessary variation of the hydrogen flow that allows the stack to reach the desired working point. The proposed algorithm has been tested on a real proton exchange membrane fuel cell, and the results show a great precision of the model, so that it can be very useful to improve the efficiency of the fuel cell system.
Keywords: fuel cell; hydrogen energy; intelligent systems; hybrid systems; artificial neural networks; power management fuel cell; hydrogen energy; intelligent systems; hybrid systems; artificial neural networks; power management
MDPI and ACS Style

Casteleiro-Roca, J.-L.; Barragán, A.J.; Manzano, F.S.; Calvo-Rolle, J.L.; Andújar, J.M. Fuel Cell Hybrid Model for Predicting Hydrogen Inflow through Energy Demand. Electronics 2019, 8, 1325.

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