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Electronics 2015, 4(4), 995-1017;

Runtime-Monitoring for Industrial Control Systems

Software Technology Research Laboratory De Montfort University, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
Cyber Security Centre, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Leicester, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dhananjay S. Phatak
Received: 17 July 2015 / Revised: 2 November 2015 / Accepted: 12 November 2015 / Published: 3 December 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [2190 KB, uploaded 3 December 2015]   |  


Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are widely deployed in nation’s critical national infrastructures such as utilities, transport, banking and health-care. Whilst Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are commonly deployed to monitor real-time data and operations taking place in the ICS they are typically not equipped to monitor the functional behaviour of individual components. In this paper (This paper expands on an earlier position paper presented at the International Symposium for Industrial Control System and SCADA Cyber Security Research 2014), we are presenting a runtime-monitoring technology that provides assurances of the functional behaviour of ICS components and demonstrates how this can be used to provide additional protection of the ICS against cyber attacks similar to the well-known Stuxnet attack. View Full-Text
Keywords: SCADA; ICS; cyber; security; run-time; monitoring; ITL; formal methods SCADA; ICS; cyber; security; run-time; monitoring; ITL; formal methods

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Janicke, H.; Nicholson, A.; Webber, S.; Cau, A. Runtime-Monitoring for Industrial Control Systems. Electronics 2015, 4, 995-1017.

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