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Embroidery and Related Manufacturing Techniques for Wearable Antennas: Challenges and Opportunities

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School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
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Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens 15310, Greece
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2014, 3(2), 314-338; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics3020314
Received: 27 February 2014 / Revised: 17 May 2014 / Accepted: 21 May 2014 / Published: 30 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Electronics)
This paper will review the evolution of wearable textile antennas over the last couple of decades. Particular emphasis will be given to the process of embroidery. This technique is advantageous for the following reasons: (i) bespoke or mass produced designs can be manufactured using digitized embroidery machines; (ii) glue is not required and (iii) the designs are aesthetic and are integrated into clothing rather than being attached to it. The embroidery technique will be compared to alternative manufacturing processes. The challenges facing the industrial and public acceptance of this technology will be assessed. Hence, the key opportunities will be highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable antennas; embroidered antennas; wearable technology; inkjet printing; textiles wearable antennas; embroidered antennas; wearable technology; inkjet printing; textiles
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Tsolis, A.; Whittow, W.G.; Alexandridis, A.A.; Vardaxoglou, J.C. Embroidery and Related Manufacturing Techniques for Wearable Antennas: Challenges and Opportunities. Electronics 2014, 3, 314-338.

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