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Article

Performance of 5G Trials for Industrial Automation

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Ericsson, Torshamnsgatan 21, Kista, 164 83 Stockholm, Sweden
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Robert Bosch GmbH, 71272 Renningen, Germany
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Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen, Germany
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Laboratory for Machine Tools and Production Engineering (WZL), RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raed A. Abd-Alhameed
Electronics 2022, 11(3), 412; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11030412
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 14 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 5G Technology in Smart Manufacturing)
Wireless- and 5G-enabled industrial automation is expected to include a plethora of different applications with a wide variety of requirements. In this article, evaluations are undertaken for the deployment of 5G in realistic industrial production environments with realistic deployment settings. Both deployments using commercial 5G systems and a 5G prototype system including pre-commercial and standard compliant URLLC functionality have been investigated. Systematic latency and reliability measurements were performed, over the air and in live networks, for different packet sizes, different devices, and networks with different capabilities (at different sites) to characterize the expected performance. The results indicate that today’s 5G latency performance significantly depends on packet size, transmission direction (uplink or downlink), and network configuration as well as on the end device’s design and capabilities. Our over-the-air measurements also empirically show that 5G technology and future networks have the capability of providing one-way latency of around 1 ms in both uplink and downlink for the various packet sizes tested. It is concluded that the requirements for very low latencies can be achieved with high reliability guarantees, as required in some of the most stringent industrial IoT applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: 5G; industrial automation; latency; empirical results 5G; industrial automation; latency; empirical results
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ansari, J.; Andersson, C.; de Bruin, P.; Farkas, J.; Grosjean, L.; Sachs, J.; Torsner, J.; Varga, B.; Harutyunyan, D.; König, N.; Schmitt, R.H. Performance of 5G Trials for Industrial Automation. Electronics 2022, 11, 412. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11030412

AMA Style

Ansari J, Andersson C, de Bruin P, Farkas J, Grosjean L, Sachs J, Torsner J, Varga B, Harutyunyan D, König N, Schmitt RH. Performance of 5G Trials for Industrial Automation. Electronics. 2022; 11(3):412. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11030412

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ansari, Junaid, Christian Andersson, Peter de Bruin, János Farkas, Leefke Grosjean, Joachim Sachs, Johan Torsner, Balázs Varga, Davit Harutyunyan, Niels König, and Robert H. Schmitt. 2022. "Performance of 5G Trials for Industrial Automation" Electronics 11, no. 3: 412. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11030412

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