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Cosmetics 2018, 5(1), 10;

Personal Care Products Are Only One of Many Exposure Routes of Natural Toxic Substances to Humans and the Environment

Agroscope, Environmental Analytics, Reckenholzstrasse 191, 8046 Zürich, Switzerland
Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences (PLEN), University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue A Critical View on Natural Substances in Personal Care Products)
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The special issue “A Critical View on Natural Substances in Personal Care Products” is dedicated to addressing the multidisciplinary special challenges of natural ingredients in personal care products (PCP) and addresses also environmental exposure. In this perspective article, we argue that environmental exposure is probably not so much dominated by PCP use, but in many cases by direct emission from natural or anthropogenically managed vegetation, including agriculture. In support of this hypothesis, we provide examples of environmental fate and behaviour studies for compound classes that are either listed in the International Nomenclature of Cosmetics Ingredients (INCI) or have been discussed in a wider context of PCP applications and have been classified as potentially harmful to humans and the environment. Specifically, these include estrogenic isoflavones, the carcinogenic ptaquiloside and pyrrolizidine alkaloids, saponins, terpenes and terpenoids, such as artemisinin, and mycotoxins. Research gaps and challenges in the domains of human and environmental exposure assessment of natural products common to our currently rather separated research communities are highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytotoxins; mycotoxins; micropollutants; drinking water phytotoxins; mycotoxins; micropollutants; drinking water

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bucheli, T.D.; Strobel, B.W.; Hansen, H.C.B. Personal Care Products Are Only One of Many Exposure Routes of Natural Toxic Substances to Humans and the Environment. Cosmetics 2018, 5, 10.

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