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Review

Safety and Efficacy of Nail Products

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami Hospital, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33125, USA
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Cosmetics 2017, 4(3), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4030024
Received: 27 June 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 15 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety and Efficacy of Nail Products)
Over the past several decades, the commercialization of nail cosmetics has increased. From nail polishes to artificial nails, different methods of nail beautification have become popularized. However, the impact of these products remains largely unknown. Governments have passed legislation in attempts to regulate nail cosmetics, but these regulations may not be adequate and are difficult to enforce. Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of nail products remains limited due to the relative dearth of literature published on the topic. This review serves to summarize and interpret the data available regarding common nail products and their safety and efficacy. Nail products such as nail polish, nail polish removers, and artificial nails have shown to have some adverse effects through case reports and studies. Harmful substances such as toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and methacrylates have been identified in commercial nail products, leading to several adverse effects, but in particular, allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to substances such as acetonitrile found in removers may have more toxic and caustic effects, especially if ingested. In addition, for nail technicians there are negative effects linked with occupational exposure. Compounds used in nail products may become aerosolized and lead to asthma, eye and throat irritation, and even neurocognitive changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: nail care products; safety assessment; efficacy evaluation; nail disorders nail care products; safety assessment; efficacy evaluation; nail disorders
MDPI and ACS Style

Arora, H.; Tosti, A. Safety and Efficacy of Nail Products. Cosmetics 2017, 4, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4030024

AMA Style

Arora H, Tosti A. Safety and Efficacy of Nail Products. Cosmetics. 2017; 4(3):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4030024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arora, Harleen; Tosti, Antonella. 2017. "Safety and Efficacy of Nail Products" Cosmetics 4, no. 3: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4030024

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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