Next Article in Journal
Underutilised Resources in Urban Environments
Previous Article in Journal
Measurable Effects of Metropolitan Gas Purchasing Group in the Light of Gas Market Functioning in Poland
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change on Drinking Water Ecosystem Services in Wami River Basin, Tanzania

1
Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES), United Nations University, Ammonstrasse 74, 01067 Dresden, Germany
2
Institute for Cartography, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
3
School of Material, Energy, Water and Environmental Science (MEWES), Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science Technology (NM-AIST), P.O. Box 447 Arusha, Tanzania
4
Global Programs, Penn State University, State College, PA 16801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2020, 9(4), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9040037
Received: 1 February 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
Land-use/land-cover changes are considered the dominant form of anthropogenic pressure on the environment, causing changes in ecosystem service patterns and affecting water supply services. Using the spatial econometric technique, we analysed the impact of land-use/land-cover change on water ecosystem services for domestic use upstream and downstream of the Wami River Basin. The results in terms of land-use/land-cover classes during the study period (2011–2016) indicate that cultivated land showed maximum positive changes in both sub-catchments, while bushland and woodland showed maximum negative changes upstream and downstream. The results showed that bushland, woodland, cultivated land, and grassland were significantly correlated with water point characteristics in both sub-catchments. For functionality characteristics, a significant effect was observed in bushland and grassland upstream and downstream, respectively, while sufficient water was found in woodland upstream and grassland downstream. Moreover, bushland was observed to have a significant number of water points with poor quality of water upstream, and a substantial number of water points with good quality of water were found in grassland downstream. We found that all measured land-use/land-cover changes and water point characteristic correlations were statistically significant; therefore, we concluded that land-use/land-cover change affects the water ecosystem in the basin. These results could facilitate decision-making and development of related policies and might support finding sustainable strategies for water ecosystem services for domestic use. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; functionality; land-use/land-cover; spatial econometric; water quality; water quantity ecosystem services; functionality; land-use/land-cover; spatial econometric; water quality; water quantity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Twisa, S.; Mwabumba, M.; Kurian, M.; Buchroithner, M.F. Impact of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change on Drinking Water Ecosystem Services in Wami River Basin, Tanzania. Resources 2020, 9, 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9040037

AMA Style

Twisa S, Mwabumba M, Kurian M, Buchroithner MF. Impact of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change on Drinking Water Ecosystem Services in Wami River Basin, Tanzania. Resources. 2020; 9(4):37. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9040037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Twisa, Sekela; Mwabumba, Mohamed; Kurian, Mathew; Buchroithner, Manfred F. 2020. "Impact of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change on Drinking Water Ecosystem Services in Wami River Basin, Tanzania" Resources 9, no. 4: 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9040037

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop