Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review
AbstractPaper as a consumer product offers a undisputed benefits to human society, and it has been proven to be critical in driving most sensitive needs of mankind—principally in areas of security, education, sanitation, and communication—and thus has been produced and consumed worldwide. Its sustainable production and usage is one topic that has featured prominently in many discussion fronts and more often than not ends with recommendations for an alternative source of raw material, improvement in production procedures, and ecological concerns. Paper use is an ecological concern that has triggered many paper intervention actions around the world such as the Paper Task Force in USA, Sustainable Paper Alliance in China, and Paper and Beyond in Europe. In Nigeria, however, challenges associated with paper production, consumption, and economic prospects have not been adequately tackled. This is conspicuously evident in the huge volume of paper products imported annually into the country as a result of unsustainable local production. The cumulative impact of these issues reflect negatively on the Nigeria’s paper industry and spread indirectly to the entire country’s economy in terms of high capital freight spent on importation, volatile product price, and loss of employment opportunities. This work sought to review the challenges and opportunities associated with raw material sources, energy and water consumption, environmental pollution, paper consumption, and disposal of used paper products in Nigeria. The current review also advocated for wastepaper as a variant of raw material with a sustainable potential. View Full-Text
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Ezeudu, O.B.; Agunwamba, J.C.; Ezeasor, I.C.; Madu, C.N. Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review. Resources 2019, 8, 53.
Ezeudu OB, Agunwamba JC, Ezeasor IC, Madu CN. Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review. Resources. 2019; 8(1):53.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ezeudu, Obiora B.; Agunwamba, Jonah C.; Ezeasor, Ikenna C.; Madu, Christian N. 2019. "Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review." Resources 8, no. 1: 53.
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