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Resources 2019, 8(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010053

Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review

1
SHELL Centre for Environmental Management and Control, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus 410001, Nigeria
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria
3
Department of Management and Management Science, Lubin School of Business, Pace University, New York, NY 10038, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 3 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
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Abstract

Paper as a consumer product offers a undisputed benefits to human society, and it has been proven to be critical in driving most sensitive needs of mankind—principally in areas of security, education, sanitation, and communication—and thus has been produced and consumed worldwide. Its sustainable production and usage is one topic that has featured prominently in many discussion fronts and more often than not ends with recommendations for an alternative source of raw material, improvement in production procedures, and ecological concerns. Paper use is an ecological concern that has triggered many paper intervention actions around the world such as the Paper Task Force in USA, Sustainable Paper Alliance in China, and Paper and Beyond in Europe. In Nigeria, however, challenges associated with paper production, consumption, and economic prospects have not been adequately tackled. This is conspicuously evident in the huge volume of paper products imported annually into the country as a result of unsustainable local production. The cumulative impact of these issues reflect negatively on the Nigeria’s paper industry and spread indirectly to the entire country’s economy in terms of high capital freight spent on importation, volatile product price, and loss of employment opportunities. This work sought to review the challenges and opportunities associated with raw material sources, energy and water consumption, environmental pollution, paper consumption, and disposal of used paper products in Nigeria. The current review also advocated for wastepaper as a variant of raw material with a sustainable potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: paper products; paper production; paper consumption; raw material; energy consumption; paper recycling; Nigerian paper industry paper products; paper production; paper consumption; raw material; energy consumption; paper recycling; Nigerian paper industry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ezeudu, O.B.; Agunwamba, J.C.; Ezeasor, I.C.; Madu, C.N. Sustainable Production and Consumption of Paper and Paper Products in Nigeria: A Review. Resources 2019, 8, 53.

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