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Resources 2019, 8(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010004

Perceived Changes in Ecosystem Services in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region, Nepal

1
REDD Implementation Centre, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal
2
Centre for International Forestry Research, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, Bogor, Barat 16115, Indonesia
3
School of Ecosystem and Forest Science, University of Melbourne, 500 Yarra Blvd, Richmond, VIC 3121, Australia
4
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2018 / Revised: 8 December 2018 / Accepted: 10 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
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Abstract

Ecosystem services (ES) are increasingly recognized as a means to facilitate adaption to environmental change. However, the provisions of ES are likely to be impacted by changes in climate and/or changes in land use. In developing countries, where people are typically dependent on these services for their livelihoods, these impacts are of concern; however, very little is known about the changes in provisioning of ES over time. In this study, we assess the perceived changes on ES in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region of western Nepal. The study area accommodates three distinct ecoregions, ranging from lowland to upland ecosystems and communities. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used to collect information on how ES may have changed in the landscape over time. This approach was supported by transect walks, field observations, and secondary sources of information, such as climatic and remote sensing data. Perceived changes on ES in the study region include reduced availability of water, reduced food production, degradation of forest ecosystems, and changes in species compositions. These changes are thought to have impacted other ES, and, in turn, local livelihoods. Management actions that can help local communities foster ES are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; ecosystem services; livelihoods; land-use change; Nepal climate change; ecosystem services; livelihoods; land-use change; Nepal
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Adhikari, S.; Baral, H.; Sudhir Chitale, V.; Nitschke, C.R. Perceived Changes in Ecosystem Services in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region, Nepal. Resources 2019, 8, 4.

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