Next Article in Journal
Economic Feasibility Analysis of Shale Gas Extraction from UK’s Carboniferous Bowland-Hodder Shale Unit
Previous Article in Journal
The Business Model and Innovation Analyses: The Sustainable Transition Obstacles and Drivers for the Hospital Supply Chains
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Distribution of Major Non-Timber Forest Plants in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape, Nepal
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2019, 8(1), 4;

Perceived Changes in Ecosystem Services in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region, Nepal

REDD Implementation Centre, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Centre for International Forestry Research, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, Bogor, Barat 16115, Indonesia
School of Ecosystem and Forest Science, University of Melbourne, 500 Yarra Blvd, Richmond, VIC 3121, Australia
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2018 / Revised: 8 December 2018 / Accepted: 10 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3781 KB, uploaded 29 December 2018]   |  


Ecosystem services (ES) are increasingly recognized as a means to facilitate adaption to environmental change. However, the provisions of ES are likely to be impacted by changes in climate and/or changes in land use. In developing countries, where people are typically dependent on these services for their livelihoods, these impacts are of concern; however, very little is known about the changes in provisioning of ES over time. In this study, we assess the perceived changes on ES in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region of western Nepal. The study area accommodates three distinct ecoregions, ranging from lowland to upland ecosystems and communities. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used to collect information on how ES may have changed in the landscape over time. This approach was supported by transect walks, field observations, and secondary sources of information, such as climatic and remote sensing data. Perceived changes on ES in the study region include reduced availability of water, reduced food production, degradation of forest ecosystems, and changes in species compositions. These changes are thought to have impacted other ES, and, in turn, local livelihoods. Management actions that can help local communities foster ES are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; ecosystem services; livelihoods; land-use change; Nepal climate change; ecosystem services; livelihoods; land-use change; Nepal

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Adhikari, S.; Baral, H.; Sudhir Chitale, V.; Nitschke, C.R. Perceived Changes in Ecosystem Services in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region, Nepal. Resources 2019, 8, 4.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top