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Resources 2018, 7(4), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7040066

Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Distribution of Major Non-Timber Forest Plants in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape, Nepal

1
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
2
Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun 248001, Uttarakhand, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 12 October 2018 / Accepted: 18 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
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Abstract

For many decades, non-timber forest products (NTFPs) have been an important livelihood commodity in Nepal as a traditional source of food, fiber, and medicines. However, the importance of NTFPs have been recognized only recently. NTFPs form more than 5% of Nepal’s national gross domestic product and are facing threat due to anthropogenic drivers and changing climate. Understanding of the current distribution and future dynamics of NTFPs is essential for effective conservation planning and management. In the maiden attempt, we used the Maxent model to understand the current and predict the future distribution by 2050 of 10 major NTFPs in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape, Nepal. The prediction accuracy of the models calculated based on the area under curve was high (>90%) and the prediction by 2050 highlights potential increase in distribution range of seven NTFPs and potential decrease in that of three NTFPs in the study area. The results from our study could play an important role in planning and management of these NTFPs considering their high economic and ecological significance and sensitivity to predicted climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: medicinal plants; forest degradation; Maxent; Gandaki Basin; Nepal medicinal plants; forest degradation; Maxent; Gandaki Basin; Nepal
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Chitale, V.; Silwal, R.; Matin, M. Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Distribution of Major Non-Timber Forest Plants in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape, Nepal. Resources 2018, 7, 66.

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