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Resources 2018, 7(3), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030058

Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012–2018

1
Global Footprint Network, 426 17th Street, Suite 700, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
2
Global Footprint Network, 18 Avenue Louis-Casai, 1219 Geneva, Switzerland
3
UC Davis Center for Water-Energy Efficiency, University of California, Davis, 215 Sage St., Suite #200, Davis, CA 95616, USA
4
Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Rouen, 685 Avenue de l’Université, 76800 Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, France
5
School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, 420 West 118th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 9 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 17 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Footprint Assessment for Resources Management)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3000 KB, uploaded 17 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Ecological Footprint accounting quantifies the supply and demand of Earth’s biocapacity. The National Footprint Accounts (NFA) are the most widely used Ecological Footprint (EF) dataset, and provide results for most countries and the world from 1961 to 2014, based primarily on publicly available UN datasets. Here, we review the evolution of the NFA, describe and quantify the effects of improvements that have been implemented into the accounts since the 2012 edition, and review the latest global trends. Comparing results over six editions of NFAs, we find that time-series trends in world results remain stable, and that the world Ecological Footprint for the latest common year (2008) has increased six percent after four major accounting improvements and more than thirty minor improvements. The latest results from the NFA 2018 Edition for the year 2014 indicate that humanity’s Ecological Footprint is 1.7 Earths, and that global ecological overshoot continues to grow. While improved management practices and increased agricultural yields have assisted in a steady increase of Earth’s biocapacity since 1961, humanity’s Ecological Footprint continues to increase at a faster pace than global biocapacity, particularly in Asia, where the total and per capita Ecological Footprint are increasing faster than all other regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ecological Footprint; Ecological Footprint accounting; National Footprint Accounts; biocapacity; sustainability Ecological Footprint; Ecological Footprint accounting; National Footprint Accounts; biocapacity; sustainability
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Lin, D.; Hanscom, L.; Murthy, A.; Galli, A.; Evans, M.; Neill, E.; Mancini, M.S.; Martindill, J.; Medouar, F.-Z.; Huang, S.; Wackernagel, M. Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012–2018. Resources 2018, 7, 58.

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