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Open AccessArticle

Modeling Cross-Border Regions, Place-Making, and Resource Management: A Delphi Analysis

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Environmental Studies Department and Department of Mathematics, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
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Geography Department of Geography and the Environment, University of the Fraser Valley, Abbotsford, BC V2S 7M7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2017, 6(3), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources6030032
Received: 16 May 2017 / Revised: 26 June 2017 / Accepted: 19 July 2017 / Published: 21 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development Goals)
Along international borders, spillover of resource management issues is a growing challenge. Development of cross-border regions (CBRs) is seen as an emerging means of addressing these issues. A set of theoretical models, geo-economic mobilization and a resource-focused territorial program of place-making have been proposed as a lens for understanding why such change could occur. From this theory, we identify three C’s as critical initial or necessary conditions to start the process: common territorial identity, convergence of knowledge and values, willingness for cooperation. We then utilize results of a Delphi study in the Fraser Lowland, a sub-district of the American-Canadian Cascadia borderland, to test if these three are present and actively working together. Our analysis based on both cumulative logit and mixed-effect modeling confirms the active existence of the three C’s demonstrating the value of these theoretical models. However, the Delphi also shows that not all in this region are convinced of cross-border convergence and case studies provide mixed signals of successful cross-border resource management, indicating that sufficient conditions are yet to be fully met. Thus, our results confirm the value of these models as a lens to view events, but leave many questions to be researched. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-border region; cross-border cooperation; Cascadia; resource management; environmental geography; Fraser Lowland; borderlands cross-border region; cross-border cooperation; Cascadia; resource management; environmental geography; Fraser Lowland; borderlands
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Buckley, P.H.; Belec, J.; Anderson, A.D. Modeling Cross-Border Regions, Place-Making, and Resource Management: A Delphi Analysis. Resources 2017, 6, 32.

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