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Questioning the Status Quo: Can Stakeholder Participation Improve Implementation of Small-Scale Mining Laws in Ghana?

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Department of Public Administration and Health Services Management, University of Ghana Business School, Post Box LG 78, Legon, Accra, Ghana
2
Department of Political Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Natalia Yakovleva
Resources 2016, 5(4), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources5040033
Received: 24 August 2016 / Revised: 19 October 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 1 November 2016
Ghana’s small-scale mining sector faces complex challenges, including environmental degradation and pollution, loss of life and increased health risks, despite several years of implementation of small-scale mining laws. These challenges, generally, are known to have escalated because of illegal small-scale mining, locally known as “galamsey”. Despite the illegal status of this category of miners, this paper examines the extent to which stakeholder participation can improve implementation of mining regulations and also address the marginalization of these miners. This paper about stakeholder participation is timely because news reports in mid-2016 mentioned that the Government of Ghana, despite many years of disengagement, is now planning to engage with galamsey operators, in terms of registration, as part of measures to effectively regulate the activities of small-scale miners. Findings from fieldwork indicate that (1) chiefs are seldom consulted in the granting of mining licenses; (2) illegal miners do not participate in the implementation of small-scale mining laws; and (3) stakeholders, such as officers in district mining offices, feel distant from the implementation process. Against the backdrop of these findings, it remains useful to explore the extent to which effective stakeholder participation could help overcome the status quo—particularly its ramifications for both the implementation of ASM laws and the eradication of other underlying challenges the sector faces. View Full-Text
Keywords: galamsey; laws; implementation; Ghana; ASM; stakeholder participation; mining galamsey; laws; implementation; Ghana; ASM; stakeholder participation; mining
MDPI and ACS Style

Osei-Kojo, A.; Andrews, N. Questioning the Status Quo: Can Stakeholder Participation Improve Implementation of Small-Scale Mining Laws in Ghana? Resources 2016, 5, 33.

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