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Resources 2016, 5(1), 1;

Typology of Options for Metal Recycling: Australia’s Perspective

Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, Sustainable Minerals Institute, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Damien Giurco
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 December 2015 / Published: 30 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resource Productivity and Innovations)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1200 KB, uploaded 30 December 2015]   |  


While Australia has traditionally relied on obtaining metals from primary sources (namely mined natural resources), there is significant potential to recover metals from end-of-life-products and industrial waste. Although any metals recycling value chain requires a feasible technology at its core, many other non-technical factors are key links in the chain, which can compromise the overall viability to recycle a commodity and/or product. The “Wealth from Waste” Cluster project funded by the Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Flagship Collaboration Fund and partner universities is focusing on identifying viable options to “mine” metals contained in discarded urban infrastructure, manufactured products and consumer goods. A key aspect of this research is to understand the critical non-technical barriers and system opportunities to enhance rates of metals recycling in Australia. Work to date has estimated the mass and current worth of metals in above ground resources. Using these outcomes as a basis, a typology for different options for (metal) reuse and recycling has been developed to classify the common features, which is presented in this article. In addition, the authors investigate the barriers and enablers in the recycling value chain, and propose a set of requirements for a feasible pathway to close the material loop for metals in Australia. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal flows; recycling; supply chain; circular economy; Australia metal flows; recycling; supply chain; circular economy; Australia

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Golev, A.; Corder, G.D. Typology of Options for Metal Recycling: Australia’s Perspective. Resources 2016, 5, 1.

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