Next Article in Journal
Molecular Identification and Evaluation of the Genetic Diversity of Dendrobium Species Collected in Southern Vietnam
Next Article in Special Issue
The Prevalence and Impact of Hepatic Steatosis on Response to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy in HIV–HCV Coinfection
Previous Article in Journal
The Efficacy of Sunitinib Treatment of Renal Cancer Cells Is Associated with the Protein PHAX In Vitro
Open AccessArticle

Polymorphisms in Interleukin 13 Signaling and Interacting Genes Predict Advanced Fibrosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt
Biology 2020, 9(4), 75;
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 9 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Alcoholic Liver Injury)
Background: non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) recently headlined hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. This study aims to unveil the role of some unaddressed critical players that might aid in understanding, predicting, and targeting NASH and NASH-HCC. Methods: Serum interleukin 13 (IL-13) levels and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within interleukin (IL)-13 rs20541, IL-13 receptors (IL-13R1) rs2248841, (IL-13R2) rs5946040, signal transducer activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) rs167769, yes-associated protein (YAP1) rs11225163, programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) rs2282055, and programmed death-ligand 2 (PD-L2) rs7854413 genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was performed on a cohort of 134 Egyptian male patients diagnosed with NASH and NASH-HCC. RESULTS: higher serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and higher serum IL-13 levels were directly associated with HCC development in NASH (odds ratio (OR) 19.6 and 1.9 p < 0.01). Reversibly, the presence of the C/C genotype in STAT6 rs167769 and the C allele carrier YAP1 rs11225163 were inversely associated with HCC in NASH patients (OR 0.015 and 0.047 p < 0.01). A predictive model was formulated with 97.5% specificity, 90.9% sensitivity, and 94.8% accuracy. Moreover, higher serum IL-13 levels and the presence of PD-L2 rs7854413 C allele carriers were associated with advanced fibrosis progression in NASH patients (OR 1.432 and 3.797 p < 0.01). Serum levels of IL-13 and C/C genotype in STAT6 rs167769 significantly increased the predictive capacity of serum AFP to predict HCC in F1–F2 and in F3–F4 fibrosis grades NASH patients. Conclusion: association between serum IL-13 and PD-L2 rs7854413 polymorphism successfully predict advanced fibrosis in NASH. However, HCC development in NASH is associated with higher serum AFP, IL-13 levels, and STAT6 rs167769, YAP1 rs11225163 polymorphisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: NASH; HCC; IL-13; STAT6; YAP1; PD-L2 NASH; HCC; IL-13; STAT6; YAP1; PD-L2
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

El-Derany, M.O. Polymorphisms in Interleukin 13 Signaling and Interacting Genes Predict Advanced Fibrosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis. Biology 2020, 9, 75.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop