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Temperature Dependent Strain/Damage Monitoring of Glass/Epoxy Composites with Graphene as a Piezoresistive Interphase

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, via Sommarive 9–38123 Trento, Italy
2
National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), via Giuseppe Giusti 9–50121 Florence, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fibers 2019, 7(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7020017
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 February 2019 / Published: 21 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glass Fibers 2018)
Graphene as an interphase not only improves the mechanical performance of fiber reinforced polymer composites but also induces functional properties like electrical conductivity, thus providing the possibility of strain monitoring in real time. At this aim, graphene oxide (GO) was electrophoretically deposited at different applied potentials on glass fibers to create a uniform coating and was subsequently chemically reduced to obtain a conductive layer of reduced graphene oxide (rGO). After the optimization of the deposition process, composite laminates were prepared by hand lay-up with an epoxy resin, followed by curing in vacuum bag. The deposited rGO interphase improved the dynamic moduli (storage and loss modulus), the flexural strength (+23%), and interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) (+29%) of the composites. Moreover, laminates reinforced with rGO-coated glass fibers showed an electrical resistivity in the order of ~101 Ω·m, with a negative temperature coefficient. The piezoresistivity of the composites was monitored under flexural loading under isothermal conditions, and strain/damage monitoring was evaluated at different temperatures through the change of the electrical resistance with the applied strain. View Full-Text
Keywords: composites; glass fibers; graphene; interphase; strain monitoring composites; glass fibers; graphene; interphase; strain monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmood, H.; Dorigato, A.; Pegoretti, A. Temperature Dependent Strain/Damage Monitoring of Glass/Epoxy Composites with Graphene as a Piezoresistive Interphase. Fibers 2019, 7, 17.

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