Next Article in Journal
Diesel Exhaust After-Treatment by Silicon Carbide Fiber Filter
Next Article in Special Issue
High Strength and High Modulus Electrospun Nanofibers
Previous Article in Journal
Reliable Lifetime Prediction for Passivated Fiber Bragg Gratings for Telecommunication Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Multi-Functional Magnetic Photoluminescent Photocatalytic Polystyrene-Based Micro- and Nano-Fibers Obtained by Electrospinning
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Fibers 2014, 2(2), 108-127;

Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites

Laboratory for Functional Polymers, Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Testing and Research, Dubendorf, Switzerland
Laboratory for Analytical Chemistry, Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Testing and Research, Dubendorf, Switzerland
Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 February 2014 / Revised: 21 March 2014 / Accepted: 21 March 2014 / Published: 28 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofibres: Friend or Foe?)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2394 KB, uploaded 28 March 2014]   |  


Carbon nanotube (CNT)/polymer nanocomposites have superior properties compared to the neat polymer matrix. They now are widely used in industry, but questions have been raised about the risks of such materials since CNTs can be toxic when inhaled. For a risk assessment of CNT nanocomposites, it is crucial to know whether CNTs from nanocomposites can be released into the environment or if they remain embedded in the matrix. This review article summarizes the studies that investigated the release of CNTs from nanocomposites during the service life. Three scenarios are reviewed, the release of particles due to mechanical impact, the release due to weathering processes, and the release due to fire. A release during composite production and disposal is not incorporated. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; nanocomposites; release; nanosafety carbon nanotubes; nanocomposites; release; nanosafety

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Schlagenhauf, L.; Nüesch, F.; Wang, J. Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites. Fibers 2014, 2, 108-127.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Fibers EISSN 2079-6439 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top