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Review

Superhydrophobic Civil Engineering Materials: A Review from Recent Developments

1
School of Architectural and Civil Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243032, China
2
College of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
3
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2019, 9(11), 753; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9110753
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 9 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Adhesion Coatings: Fundamentals and Applications)
Superhydrophobic surfaces have drawn attention from scientists and engineers because of their extreme water repellency. More interestingly, these surfaces have also demonstrated an infinite influence on civil engineering materials. In this feature article, the history of wettability theory is described firstly. The approaches to construct hierarchical micro/nanostructures such as chemical vapor deposition (CVD), electrochemical, etching, and flame synthesis methods are introduced. Then, the advantages and limitations of each method are discussed. Furthermore, the recent progress of superhydrophobicity applied on civil engineering materials and its applications are summarized. Finally, the obstacles and prospects of superhydrophobic civil engineering materials are stated and expected. This review should be of interest to scientists and civil engineers who are interested in superhydrophobic surfaces and novel civil engineering materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: civil engineering material; superhydrophobicity; anticorrosion; anti-icing civil engineering material; superhydrophobicity; anticorrosion; anti-icing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xiang, T.; Lv, Z.; Wei, F.; Liu, J.; Dong, W.; Li, C.; Zhao, Y.; Chen, D. Superhydrophobic Civil Engineering Materials: A Review from Recent Developments. Coatings 2019, 9, 753. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9110753

AMA Style

Xiang T, Lv Z, Wei F, Liu J, Dong W, Li C, Zhao Y, Chen D. Superhydrophobic Civil Engineering Materials: A Review from Recent Developments. Coatings. 2019; 9(11):753. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9110753

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xiang, Tengfei, Zhong Lv, Feifei Wei, Jian Liu, Wei Dong, Cheng Li, Yingxuan Zhao, and Depeng Chen. 2019. "Superhydrophobic Civil Engineering Materials: A Review from Recent Developments" Coatings 9, no. 11: 753. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9110753

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