We report the electro-optical properties of an organic thin-film by varying the thickness of 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile (HAT(CN)6), included therein as an interlayer. Devices with HAT(CN)6, which are 7 nm thin films used as interlayers, exhibited good current density–voltage characteristics due to an improved hole injection barrier resulting from carrier ladder effects and carrier transport phenomena. The device without an interlayer showed the worst driving voltage characteristics due to the hole injection barrier. At low driving voltages, a device using 7 nm HAT(CN)6 as an interlayer exhibited a current density about 9.9 times higher than that of a device using 20 nm HAT(CN)6, and showed a current density about 9600 times higher than that of a device without an interlayer. Due to the proper carrier balance, the device using 7 nm HAT(CN)6 as an interlayer achieved a maximum current efficiency of 10.8 cd/A, which was the highest among the devices studied. This shows that the electro-optical properties of devices using HAT(CN)6 as an interlayer are dominated by the holes.
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