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Open AccessArticle

Tube Inner Coating of Non-Conductive Films by Pulsed Reactive Coaxial Magnetron Plasma with Outer Anode

Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14, Bunkyo, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan
GEOMATEC Co., Ltd., 51, Kinsei, Kannari, Kurihara, Miyagi 989-5164, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2018, 8(3), 115;
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 19 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
PDF [2363 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


The double-ended coaxial magnetron pulsed plasma (DCMPP) method with auxiliary outer anode was introduced in order to achieve the uniform coating of non-conductive thin films on the inner walls of insulator tubes. In this study, titanium (Ti) was employed as a cathode (sputtering target), and a glass tube was used as a substrate. In an argon (Ar) and oxygen (O2) gas mixture, magnetron plasma was generated. Oxygen gas was introduced to deposit a titanium oxide (TiO2) film. A comparison between films coated with and without an auxiliary outer anode was made. As a result, it was clearly shown that the DCMPP method using an auxiliary outer anode enhanced the uniformity of the deposited non-conductive film compared to the conventional DCMPP method. Moreover, the optimum conditions under which the thin TiO2 film was deposited on the inner wall of the glass tube were revealed. From the results, it was supposed that the auxiliary outer anode contributed to the uniformity of the distributions of deposited negative charge on the non-conductive film and consequently the electric field and the plasma density uniform. View Full-Text
Keywords: tube inner coating; coaxial magnetron plasma; non-conductive films tube inner coating; coaxial magnetron plasma; non-conductive films

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Gasab, M.T.I.; Sugawara, H.; Sato, T.; Fujiyama, H. Tube Inner Coating of Non-Conductive Films by Pulsed Reactive Coaxial Magnetron Plasma with Outer Anode. Coatings 2018, 8, 115.

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