Next Article in Journal
The Effect of Temperature and Local pH on Calcareous Deposit Formation in Damaged Thermal Spray Aluminum (TSA) Coatings and Its Implication on Corrosion Mitigation of Offshore Steel Structures
Next Article in Special Issue
Corrosion Protection of Steel by Epoxy-Organoclay Nanocomposite Coatings
Previous Article in Journal
Effect on Concrete Surface Water Absorption upon Addition of Lactate Derived Agent
Previous Article in Special Issue
Internally Oxidized Ru–Zr Multilayer Coatings
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Preparation of Metal Coatings on Steel Balls Using Mechanical Coating Technique and Its Process Analysis

Tianjin Key Lab. of Integrated Design and On-Line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, Tianjin 300222, China
College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, No. 1038, Dagu Nanlu, Hexi-District, Tianjin 300222, China
Chiba Industrial Technology Research Institute, 6-13-1, Tendai, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-0016, Japan
College of Mechanical Engineering & Graduate School, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tony Hughes and Russel Varley
Coatings 2017, 7(4), 53;
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 5 April 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Generation Coatings for Metals)
PDF [6571 KB, uploaded 10 April 2017]


We successfully applied mechanical coating technique to prepare Ti coatings on the substrates of steel balls and stainless steel balls. The prepared samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The weight increase of the ball substrates and the average thickness of Ti coatings were also monitored. The results show that continuous Ti coatings were prepared at different revolution speeds after different durations. Higher revolution speed can accelerate the formation of continuous Ti coatings. Substrate hardness also markedly affected the formation of Ti coatings. Specifically, the substance with lower surface hardness was more suitable as the substrate on which to prepare Ti coatings. The substrate material plays a key role in the formation of Ti coatings. Specifically, Ti coatings formed more easily on metal/alloy balls than ceramic balls. The above conclusion can also be applied to other metal or alloy coatings on metal/alloy and ceramic substrates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti coatings; steel balls; mechanical coating; process analysis Ti coatings; steel balls; mechanical coating; process analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hao, L.; Yoshida, H.; Itoi, T.; Lu, Y. Preparation of Metal Coatings on Steel Balls Using Mechanical Coating Technique and Its Process Analysis. Coatings 2017, 7, 53.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Coatings EISSN 2079-6412 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top