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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Coating Formulation on Its Mechanical Properties and Cracking Resistance

FCBA Technological Institute, Allée de Boutaut BP227, F-33028 Bordeaux, France
Teknos Drywood, Hendrik ter Kuilestraat 181, NL-7547 SK Enschede, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2017, 7(10), 163;
Received: 23 August 2017 / Revised: 26 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 30 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Coatings)
PDF [1888 KB, uploaded 30 September 2017]


The mechanical properties of coatings strongly influence wood coatings’ performance, as coatings may be stressed by dimensional variations of wood when exposed outdoors. Within the European project SERVOWOOD (2014–2016), the influence of coating formulation on mechanical properties and cracking resistance has been studied. Several acrylic and alkyd formulations with different pigment volume concentrations (PVCs), with and without UV protection have been applied on pine samples and exposed to artificial weathering (EN 927-6) for 12 weeks. Persoz hardness of coatings applied on wood was assessed before and after weathering. Tensile tests on free films have been carried out at −10 °C, 20 °C, and 45 °C. For each formulation, elastic modulus, tensile strength, and strain at break have been determined for the three test temperatures. For each test temperature, there was no correlation between the elastic modulus and strain at break, nor between tensile strength and strain at break. The results showed a relation between Persoz hardness and elastic modulus. The best performing formulation had a mean elastic modulus at room temperature lower than 400 MPa and a mean strain at break higher than 30%. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood; coating; tensile test; elastic modulus; hardness; cracking; weathering wood; coating; tensile test; elastic modulus; hardness; cracking; weathering

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Podgorski, L.; De Meijer, M.; Lanvin, J.-D. Influence of Coating Formulation on Its Mechanical Properties and Cracking Resistance. Coatings 2017, 7, 163.

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