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Review

Environmental Factors Causing the Development of Microorganisms on the Surfaces of National Cultural Monuments Made of Mineral Building Materials—Review

Chair of Building Materials Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, PK Cracow University of Technology, 24 Warszawska Street, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
Coatings 2020, 10(12), 1203; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10121203
Received: 9 October 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Coatings for Buildings - Challenges and Opportunities)
The ability of microorganisms to degrade building materials depends on several factors. Biological corrosion occurs in close dependence with chemical and physical factors affecting microorganisms. The growth and development of microorganisms is stimulated by external stimuli, i.e., environmental factors. Microorganisms have a relatively large tolerance range for changes in environmental conditions. Under the right conditions, microorganisms thrive very well. The adverse effects may cause the inhibition of cell growth, damage, or lead to the death of the microorganism. Considering the impact of environmental factors on microorganisms, it is not possible to identify the most important of them. The result effect of overlapping factors determines the possibility of the growth of certain microorganisms. The main factors affecting the growth are temperature, humidity, hydrogen ion concentration in the environment, oxidoreductive potential, water activity in the environment, and hydrostatic pressure. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the factors causing biodeterioration. The influence of external/internal environment on the surface of cultural monuments made of mineral building materials, i.e., stone, concrete, mortar, etc., is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodeterioration; factors; humidity; temperature; pH; culture heritage; stone biodeterioration; factors; humidity; temperature; pH; culture heritage; stone
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stanaszek-Tomal, E. Environmental Factors Causing the Development of Microorganisms on the Surfaces of National Cultural Monuments Made of Mineral Building Materials—Review. Coatings 2020, 10, 1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10121203

AMA Style

Stanaszek-Tomal E. Environmental Factors Causing the Development of Microorganisms on the Surfaces of National Cultural Monuments Made of Mineral Building Materials—Review. Coatings. 2020; 10(12):1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10121203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stanaszek-Tomal, Elżbieta. 2020. "Environmental Factors Causing the Development of Microorganisms on the Surfaces of National Cultural Monuments Made of Mineral Building Materials—Review" Coatings 10, no. 12: 1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10121203

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