Because of its excellent tribological performance, polyether–ether–ketone (PEEK)-based coatings have been used extensively under mixed and boundary water-lubrication conditions. To verify that the PEEK-based coating is applicable to aviation kerosene, one advanced coating was proposed and two typical metals, namely, alloy steel 38CrMoAlA and tin bronze ZQPb17-4-4, were selected as counterparts. Four sets of experiments that involved a scuffing (step load) and Stribeck curve (step speed), constant load, and strengthened load were carried out, which showed that the counterpart material’s properties, such as its hardness, thermal conductivity, and composition, had an important effect on the tribological performance of the PEEK-based coating. Scuffing experiments showed that the PEEK-based coating against ZQPb17-4-4 exhibited better scuffing performance. Stribeck curve experiments showed that the PEEK-based coating against 38CrMoAlA was under the mixed lubrication condition over a wider range of speeds, and wear experiments (constant load and strengthened load) showed that the PEEK-based coating against 38CrMoAlA exhibited a relatively low coefficient of friction and low wear rate. The formation and appearance of the tribofilm on the surface of the counterparts influenced the wear mechanism of the PEEK-based coating. The PEEK-based coating showed excellent properties, especially when rubbed against 38CrMoAlA.
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