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Article

Improving Access to Antimicrobial Prescribing Guidelines in 4 African Countries: Development and Pilot Implementation of an App and Cross-Sectional Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviour Survey of Healthcare Workers and Patients

1
Commonwealth Pharmacists Association, London E1W 1AW, UK
2
Horizon Strategic Partners, London EC3R 8HL, UK
3
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
4
LEKMA Hospital, Teshie, Accra P.O. BOX MS 216, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2020, 9(9), 555; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090555
Received: 4 August 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Prescribing and Stewardship)
Smartphone apps have proven to be an effective and acceptable resource for accessing information on antimicrobial prescribing. The purpose of the study is to highlight the development and implementation of a smartphone/mobile app (app) for antimicrobial prescribing guidelines (the Commonwealth Partnerships for Antimicrobial Stewardship—CwPAMS App) in Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia and to evaluate patients’ and healthcare providers’ perspectives on the use of the App in one of the participating institutions. Two structured cross-sectional questionnaires containing Likert scale, multiple-choice, and open-ended questions were issued to patients and healthcare workers six months after the introduction of the app at one of the hospital sites. Metrics of the use of the app for a one-year period were also obtained. Download and use of the app peaked between September and November 2019 with pharmacists accounting for the profession that the most frequently accessed the app. More than half of the responding patients had a positive attitude to the use of the app by health professionals. Results also revealed that more than 80% of health care workers who had used the CwPAMS App were comfortable using a smartphone/mobile device on a ward round, considered the app very useful, and found it to improve their awareness of antimicrobial stewardship, including documentation of the indication and duration for antimicrobials on the drug chart. It also encouraged pharmacists and nurses to challenge inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing. Overall, our findings suggest that its use as a guide to antimicrobial prescribing sparked positive responses from patients and health professionals. Further studies will be useful in identifying the long-term consequences of the use of the CwPAMS App and scope to implement in other settings, in order to guide future innovations and wider use. View Full-Text
Keywords: CwPAMS App; smartphone apps; antimicrobial prescribing; pharmacy CwPAMS App; smartphone apps; antimicrobial prescribing; pharmacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olaoye, O.; Tuck, C.; Khor, W.P.; McMenamin, R.; Hudson, L.; Northall, M.; Panford-Quainoo, E.; Asima, D.M.; Ashiru-Oredope, D. Improving Access to Antimicrobial Prescribing Guidelines in 4 African Countries: Development and Pilot Implementation of an App and Cross-Sectional Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviour Survey of Healthcare Workers and Patients. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 555. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090555

AMA Style

Olaoye O, Tuck C, Khor WP, McMenamin R, Hudson L, Northall M, Panford-Quainoo E, Asima DM, Ashiru-Oredope D. Improving Access to Antimicrobial Prescribing Guidelines in 4 African Countries: Development and Pilot Implementation of an App and Cross-Sectional Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviour Survey of Healthcare Workers and Patients. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(9):555. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090555

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olaoye, Omotayo; Tuck, Chloe; Khor, Wei P.; McMenamin, Roisin; Hudson, Luke; Northall, Mike; Panford-Quainoo, Edwin; Asima, Derrick M.; Ashiru-Oredope, Diane. 2020. "Improving Access to Antimicrobial Prescribing Guidelines in 4 African Countries: Development and Pilot Implementation of an App and Cross-Sectional Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviour Survey of Healthcare Workers and Patients" Antibiotics 9, no. 9: 555. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090555

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