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Veterinary Drug Shops as Main Sources of Supply and Advice on Antimicrobials for Animal Use in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

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Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, HCMC, Vietnam
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Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Nong Lam University, HCMC, Vietnam
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Sub Department of Animal Health, Cao Lanh city, Dong Thap, Vietnam
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Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Oxford University, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK
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Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7BE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2019, 8(4), 195; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040195
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Antibiotics Use and Antimicrobial Stewardship)
In the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, small-scale poultry farmers use large amounts of antimicrobials to raise their flocks, and veterinary drug shops owners and their staff are a key source of advice to farmers on antimicrobial use (AMU). We described the network of veterinary drug shops (n = 93) in two districts within Dong Thap province (Mekong Delta). We also interviewed a randomly selected sample of chicken farmers (n = 96) and described their linkages with veterinary drug shops. Antimicrobials represented 15.0% [inter quartile range (IQR) 6.0–25.0] of the shops’ income. Fifty-seven percent shop owners had been/were affiliated to the veterinary authority, 57% provided diagnostic services. The median number of drug shops supplying antimicrobials to each farm during one production cycle was 2 [IQR 1–2]. Visited shops were located within a median distance of 3.96 km [IQR 1.98–5.85] to farms. Drug shops owned by persons affiliated to the veterinary authority that did not provide diagnostic services had a higher fraction of their income consisting of antimicrobial sales (β = 1.913; p < 0.001). These results suggest that interventions targeting veterinary drug shop owners and their staff aiming at improving their knowledge base on livestock/poultry diseases and their diagnosis may contribute to reducing overall levels of AMU in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: veterinary drug shop; farmers; antimicrobial sales; Vietnam veterinary drug shop; farmers; antimicrobial sales; Vietnam
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Phu, D.H.; Giao, V.T.Q.; Truong, D.B.; Cuong, N.V.; Kiet, B.T.; Hien, V.B.; Thwaites, G.; Rushton, J.; Carrique-Mas, J. Veterinary Drug Shops as Main Sources of Supply and Advice on Antimicrobials for Animal Use in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 195.

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