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Veterinary Drug Shops as Main Sources of Supply and Advice on Antimicrobials for Animal Use in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, HCMC, Vietnam
Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Nong Lam University, HCMC, Vietnam
Sub Department of Animal Health, Cao Lanh city, Dong Thap, Vietnam
Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Oxford University, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK
Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7BE, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2019, 8(4), 195;
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Antibiotics Use and Antimicrobial Stewardship)
In the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, small-scale poultry farmers use large amounts of antimicrobials to raise their flocks, and veterinary drug shops owners and their staff are a key source of advice to farmers on antimicrobial use (AMU). We described the network of veterinary drug shops (n = 93) in two districts within Dong Thap province (Mekong Delta). We also interviewed a randomly selected sample of chicken farmers (n = 96) and described their linkages with veterinary drug shops. Antimicrobials represented 15.0% [inter quartile range (IQR) 6.0–25.0] of the shops’ income. Fifty-seven percent shop owners had been/were affiliated to the veterinary authority, 57% provided diagnostic services. The median number of drug shops supplying antimicrobials to each farm during one production cycle was 2 [IQR 1–2]. Visited shops were located within a median distance of 3.96 km [IQR 1.98–5.85] to farms. Drug shops owned by persons affiliated to the veterinary authority that did not provide diagnostic services had a higher fraction of their income consisting of antimicrobial sales (β = 1.913; p < 0.001). These results suggest that interventions targeting veterinary drug shop owners and their staff aiming at improving their knowledge base on livestock/poultry diseases and their diagnosis may contribute to reducing overall levels of AMU in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: veterinary drug shop; farmers; antimicrobial sales; Vietnam veterinary drug shop; farmers; antimicrobial sales; Vietnam
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Phu, D.H.; Giao, V.T.Q.; Truong, D.B.; Cuong, N.V.; Kiet, B.T.; Hien, V.B.; Thwaites, G.; Rushton, J.; Carrique-Mas, J. Veterinary Drug Shops as Main Sources of Supply and Advice on Antimicrobials for Animal Use in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 195.

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