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Article

Essential Oils from Two Apiaceae Species as Potential Agents in Organic Crops Protection

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Laboratoire COSNA, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences, BP 119, Université de Tlemcen, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria
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AKINAO, 52 Avenue. Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France
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Université de Perpignan, PSL Research University: EPHE-UPVD-CNRS, USR 3278 CRIOBE, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, CEDEX, 66860 Perpignan, France
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Université Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, CEDEX, 66860 Perpignan, France
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Laboratoire de Biologie et Modélisation de la Cellule, CNRS, Université Lyon, 69007 Lyon, France
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CÉPROCQ, College of Maisonneuve, 6220 Rue Sherbrooke est, Montréal, QC H1N 1C1, Canada
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Centre de Recherche sur la Boréalie (CREB), Laboratoire LASEVE, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), 555, Boulevard de l’Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carla Sabia and Ramona Iseppi
Antibiotics 2021, 10(6), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10060636
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils)
Chemical composition and herbicidal, antifungal, antibacterial and molluscicidal activities of essential oils from Choukzerk, Eryngium triquetrum, and Alexander, Smyrnium olusatrum, from western Algeria were characterized. Capillary GC-FID and GC/MS were used to investigate chemical composition of both essential oils, and the antifungal, antibacterial, molluscicidal and herbicidal activities were determined by % inhibition. Collective essential oil of E. triquetrum was dominated by falcarinol (74.8%) and octane (5.6%). The collective essential oil of S. olusatrum was dominated by furanoeremophilone (31.5%), furanodiene+curzurene (19.3%) and (E)-β-caryophyllene (11%). The E. triquetrum oil was tested and a pure falcarinol (99%) showed virtuous herbicidal and antibacterial activities against potato blackleg disease, Pectobacterium atrosepticum, and Gram-negative soil bacterium, Pseudomonas cichorii (85 and 100% inhibition, respectively), and high ecotoxic activity against brine shrimp, Artemia salina, and the freshwater snail, Biomphalaria glabrata, with an IC50 of 0.35 µg/mL and 0.61 µg/mL, respectively. Essential oil of S. olusatrum showed interesting antibacterial and ecotoxic activity and good herbicidal activity against watercress seeds, Lepidium sativum (74% inhibition of photosynthesis, 80% mortality on growth test on model watercress), while the furanoeremophilone isolated from the oil (99% pure) showed moderate herbicidal activity. Both oils showed excellent antifungal activity against Fusarium. Both oils and especially falcarinol demonstrated good potential as new biocontrol agents in organic crop protection. View Full-Text
Keywords: Eryngium triquetrum; Smyrnium olusatrum; essential oils; chemical composition; crop protection; falcarinol Eryngium triquetrum; Smyrnium olusatrum; essential oils; chemical composition; crop protection; falcarinol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Merad, N.; Andreu, V.; Chaib, S.; de Carvalho Augusto, R.; Duval, D.; Bertrand, C.; Boumghar, Y.; Pichette, A.; Djabou, N. Essential Oils from Two Apiaceae Species as Potential Agents in Organic Crops Protection. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10060636

AMA Style

Merad N, Andreu V, Chaib S, de Carvalho Augusto R, Duval D, Bertrand C, Boumghar Y, Pichette A, Djabou N. Essential Oils from Two Apiaceae Species as Potential Agents in Organic Crops Protection. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(6):636. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10060636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Merad, Nadjiya, Vanessa Andreu, Slimane Chaib, Ronaldo de Carvalho Augusto, David Duval, Cédric Bertrand, Yacine Boumghar, André Pichette, and Nassim Djabou. 2021. "Essential Oils from Two Apiaceae Species as Potential Agents in Organic Crops Protection" Antibiotics 10, no. 6: 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10060636

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