Next Article in Journal
Cytokeratins Biosensing Using Tilted Fiber Gratings
Next Article in Special Issue
Differences Between Flash Glucose Monitor and Fingerprick Measurements
Previous Article in Journal
Micro-Raman Spectroscopy for Monitoring of Deposition Quality of High-k Stack Protective Layer onto Nanowire FET Chips for Highly Sensitive miRNA Detection
Previous Article in Special Issue
Limits to the Evaluation of the Accuracy of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems by Clinical Trials
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Biosensors 2018, 8(3), 73;

Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Past, Present and Future

Augustana Faculty, University of Alberta, 4901-46 Ave, Camrose, AB T4V 2R3, Canada
Alberta Diabetes Institute, 112 St. NW, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T9, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 June 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 3 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuous Glucose Monitoring)
Full-Text   |   PDF [392 KB, uploaded 3 August 2018]   |  


Prior to the widespread use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), knowledge of the effects of exercise in type 1 diabetes (T1D) was limited to the exercise period, with few studies having the budget or capacity to monitor participants overnight. Recently, CGM has become a staple of many exercise studies, allowing researchers to observe the otherwise elusive late post-exercise period. We performed a strategic search using PubMed and Academic Search Complete. Studies were included if they involved adults with T1D performing exercise or physical activity, had a sample size greater than 5, and involved the use of CGM. Upon completion of the search protocol, 26 articles were reviewed for inclusion. While outcomes have been variable, CGM use in exercise studies has allowed the assessment of post-exercise (especially nocturnal) trends for different exercise modalities in individuals with T1D. Sensor accuracy is currently considered adequate for exercise, which has been crucial to developing closed-loop and artificial pancreas systems. Until these systems are perfected, CGM continues to provide information about late post-exercise responses, to assist T1D patients in managing their glucose, and to be useful as a tool for teaching individuals with T1D about exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; hypoglycemia; hyperglycemia exercise; hypoglycemia; hyperglycemia

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Houlder, S.K.; Yardley, J.E. Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Past, Present and Future. Biosensors 2018, 8, 73.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Biosensors EISSN 2079-6374 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top