Next Article in Journal
3D Carbon Microelectrodes with Bio-Functionalized Graphene for Electrochemical Biosensing
Previous Article in Journal
Clinical Assessment of Dental Implant Stability During Follow-Up: What Is Actually Measured, and Perspectives
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Biosensors 2018, 8(3), 69;

Conjugation of Nanomaterials and Nematic Liquid Crystals for Futuristic Applications and Biosensors

Department of Physics, Deshbandhu College, University of Delhi, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110019, India
Departments of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Physics & Astronomy, University of Missouri–St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63121, USA
Visual and Biomedical Optics Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43212, USA
Biomolecular Sciences Institute, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2018 / Revised: 24 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [6858 KB, uploaded 14 July 2018]   |  


The established role of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) in the recent rapid development of displays has motivated researchers to modulate the electro-optical properties of LCs. Furthermore, adding nanomaterials into NLCs has led to enhancements of the properties of NLCs, like reduced threshold of the operating voltage, variation in pretilt angle, reduced switching time, etc. These enhanced properties, due to interfacial dynamics, are enabling wider applications of NLCs and nanomaterials. The recent literature of nanomaterial-doped NLCs is rich with various kinds of nanomaterials in a variety of NLCs. The light has been focused on the most widely used and studied gold nanoparticles in NLCs. The intrinsic inherent property of easy excitation of surface plasmons polaritons (SPP) is the mediating interaction of NLC electric dipoles and the polarization of charges in the GNP surface. The concepts and methods for the application of metal nanomaterials as dopants in NLCs are discussed for future applications, especially biosensors. The biosensing application of NLCs alone has already been proven in the literature. However, it is always desirable to further enhance the detection efficiency and selectivity, which have been achieved by the conjugation of GNPs and nickel nanoparticles with NLCs and their compatibility with biological materials. This aspect of future application of nanoparticles and NLC makes the point more selective to be included in the present manuscript. View Full-Text
Keywords: nematic liquid crystals; gold nanoparticles; biosensors; liquid crystal biosensors nematic liquid crystals; gold nanoparticles; biosensors; liquid crystal biosensors

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Choudhary, A.; George, T.F.; Li, G. Conjugation of Nanomaterials and Nematic Liquid Crystals for Futuristic Applications and Biosensors. Biosensors 2018, 8, 69.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Biosensors EISSN 2079-6374 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top