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Open AccessArticle

Study of Immobilization Procedure on Silver Nanolayers and Detection of Estrone with Diverged Beam Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Imaging

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Electro-Optic Engineering Unit and Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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Environmental Engineering Unit, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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Biotechnology Engineering, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev and Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 637722, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Optoelectronics Research Center, Southampton University, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.
Biosensors 2013, 3(1), 157-170; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios3010157
Received: 23 January 2013 / Revised: 23 February 2013 / Accepted: 6 March 2013 / Published: 19 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunosensors 2012)
An immobilization protocol was developed to attach receptors on smooth silver thin films. Dense and packed 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA) was used to avoid uncontrolled sulfidization and harmful oxidation of silver nanolayers. N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) were added to make the silver surfaces reactive. A comparative study was carried out with different immersion times of silver samples in 11-MUA solutions with different concentrations to find the optimum conditions for immobilization. The signals, during each step of the protocol, were analyzed with a refractometer based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect and luminescence techniques. Molecular interactions at the surfaces between the probe and target at the surface nanolayer shift the SPR signal, thus indicating the presence of the substance. To demonstrate specific biosensing, rabbit anti-estrone polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody was immobilized through a linker on 47 nm silver layer deposited on SF11 glass. At the final stage, the representative endocrine disruptor—estrone—was attached and detected in deionized water with a diverging beam SPR imaging sensor. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical immunosensor; immobilization; estrone; endocrine disruptor; SPR imaging optical immunosensor; immobilization; estrone; endocrine disruptor; SPR imaging
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Karabchevsky, A.; Tsapovsky, L.; Marks, R.S.; Abdulhalim, I. Study of Immobilization Procedure on Silver Nanolayers and Detection of Estrone with Diverged Beam Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Imaging. Biosensors 2013, 3, 157-170.

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