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Open AccessArticle

A Label-Free Immunosensor Based on Graphene Oxide/Fe3O4/Prussian Blue Nanocomposites for the Electrochemical Determination of HBsAg

1
College of Electronic Engineering and Automation, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China
2
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2020, 10(3), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10030024
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 4 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
In this article, a highly sensitive label-free immunosensor based on a graphene oxide (GO)/Fe3O4/Prussian blue (PB) nanocomposite modified electrode was developed for the determination of human hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). In this electrochemical immunoassay system, PB was used as a redox probe, while GO/Fe3O4/PB nanocomposites and AuNPs were prepared and coated on screen-printed electrodes to enhance the detection sensitivity and to immobilize the hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb). The immunosensor was fabricated based on the principle that the decrease in peak currents of PB is proportional to the concentration of HBsAg captured on the modified immunosensor. The experimental results revealed that the immunosensor exhibited a sensitive response to HBsAg in the range of 0.5 pg·mL−1 to 200 ng·mL−1, and with a low detection limit of 0.166 pg·mL−1 (S/N = 3). Furthermore, the proposed immunosensor was used to detect several clinical serum samples with acceptable results, and it also showed good reproducibility, selectivity and stability, which may have a promising potential application in clinical immunoassays. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatitis B surface antigen; electrochemical immunosensor; screen-printed electrode; graphene oxide; prussian blue hepatitis B surface antigen; electrochemical immunosensor; screen-printed electrode; graphene oxide; prussian blue
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, S.; Xiao, H.; Cao, L.; Chen, Z. A Label-Free Immunosensor Based on Graphene Oxide/Fe3O4/Prussian Blue Nanocomposites for the Electrochemical Determination of HBsAg. Biosensors 2020, 10, 24.

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