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Review

High-Tech and Nature-Made Nanocomposites and Their Applications in the Field of Sensors and Biosensors for Gas Detection

1
Istituto di Cristallografia, CNR Area Della Ricerca di Roma, 00015 Monterotondo Scalo Rome, Italy
2
Biosensor Srl, Via Degli Olmetti 44, 00060 Formello Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2020, 10(11), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110176
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensor Materials)
Gas sensors have been object of increasing attention by the scientific community in recent years. For the development of the sensing element, two major trends seem to have appeared. On one hand, the possibility of creating complex structures at the nanoscale level has given rise to ever more sensitive sensors based on metal oxides and metal–polymer combinations. On the other hand, gas biosensors have started to be developed, thanks to their intrinsic ability to be selective for the target analyte. In this review, we analyze the recent progress in both areas and underline their strength, current problems, and future perspectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas sensors; biosensors; nanomaterials; metal oxides; conductive polymers; enzymes; enzymatic inhibition; multi-enzyme cycle; whole cells biosensors; bio-sniffers gas sensors; biosensors; nanomaterials; metal oxides; conductive polymers; enzymes; enzymatic inhibition; multi-enzyme cycle; whole cells biosensors; bio-sniffers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zappi, D.; Ramma, M.M.; Scognamiglio, V.; Antonacci, A.; Varani, G.; Giardi, M.T. High-Tech and Nature-Made Nanocomposites and Their Applications in the Field of Sensors and Biosensors for Gas Detection. Biosensors 2020, 10, 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110176

AMA Style

Zappi D, Ramma MM, Scognamiglio V, Antonacci A, Varani G, Giardi MT. High-Tech and Nature-Made Nanocomposites and Their Applications in the Field of Sensors and Biosensors for Gas Detection. Biosensors. 2020; 10(11):176. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zappi, Daniele, Matiss M. Ramma, Viviana Scognamiglio, Amina Antonacci, Gabriele Varani, and Maria T. Giardi. 2020. "High-Tech and Nature-Made Nanocomposites and Their Applications in the Field of Sensors and Biosensors for Gas Detection" Biosensors 10, no. 11: 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110176

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