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A Promising Nano-Insulating-Oil for Industrial Application: Electrical Properties and Modification Mechanism
Open AccessArticle
Peer-Review Record

Significantly Enhanced Electrical Performances of Eco-Friendly Dielectric Liquids for Harsh Conditions with Fullerene

Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 989; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9070989
Reviewer 1: Anonymous
Reviewer 2: Anonymous
Reviewer 3: Anonymous
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 989; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9070989
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanofluids)

Round  1

Reviewer 1 Report

In presented manuscript authors deal with electrical properties of nanofluids. In my opinion, the topic of the paper is important and definitely worth of investigation. However, at the moment paper has some significant issues that make it unpublishable and major revision should be required.

There are two things that must be discussed by authors before evaluation of the paper:
1. The measuring procedure description must be extend. The detailed discussion of the uncertainty, its evaluation, must be presented. There is no information about it, and later on the graphs some uncertainty bars are presented...
2. What was (and how it was determined) real concentration of particles in nanofluids. In text authors said it was for example 300 ppm (parts per million), while on the graphs we can see 300 micro grams per litre.
Without presenting those information it is impossible to evaluate scientific value of this research.
During revision authors should also improve some other parts of manuscript (minor changes), like:
1. In the introduction section authors discuss the breakdown voltage of nanofluids, while they omitted recent state-of-art review paper on this issue presented by Fal et al.: "Nanofluids in the Service of High Voltage Transformers: Breakdown Properties of Transformer Oils with Nanoparticles, a Review" Energies, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en11112942 I think this paper should be presented in the Introduction section.
2. In section 2.1 the ultrasound energy should be presented. Did authors control temperature of the sample during sonication?
3. A coma "," or dot "." should be putted after each equation. For example eq. (1) is just part of sentence, so the coma should be placed after it.
4. The source of the data presented in Table 1 must be presented. If those values were measured by the authors - the measuring procedure and uncertainty should be described.
5. I suggest to use well established subscripts to describe nanofluids (nf), nanoparticles (np) and base fluid (bf) instead of "1" and "2" in equations 2-4.
In conclusion, paper presents some significant problems that must be resolved before its evaluation, but is interesting enough to be revised.

Author Response

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Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

Reviewer 2 Report

In the last paragraph of Introduction there would be good to say, what is this vegetable insulating liquid, the content and proportions...

In the preparation section there is lack of preparation procedure of the liquid and the mineral liquid (was it bought or prepared on site)

r.173: 1.3x10^10

r.280-287 please clarify and check the English

Fig12, 13 were calculated by Gaussian? I have doubts about  ploted elctrons - the density is nonhomogenious...

Author Response

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Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

Reviewer 3 Report

This is an interesting work where C60 molecules do not possess the capability to accelerate the thermal aging process of insulating liquid but does improve the electrical properties. Moreover, vegetable insulating liquid modified by C60 nanoparticles shows good thermal stability under the nitrogen atmosphere. Under the condition of oxygen, the hollow structure of the C60 nanoparticles provides a resident place for oxygen molecules, thereby resulting in the rapid deterioration of modified vegetable insulating liquid at the beginning of thermal aging. However, in the later stage of thermal aging, dielectric loss factor, volume resistivity, and acid value level were improved as compared to those of the pure liquid sample.

Authors can reduce the verbose description in the introduction as cited references are good enough; brevity is needed.

Fig. 1 appears very poor with limited information; can a better picture with description of bands be included?

This reviewer could not help but wonder what happens with other carbon materials (for comparison) such as graphitic carbon nitrides or graphene (reduced and graphene oxide)?

Author Response

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Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

Round  2

Reviewer 1 Report

Authors make the great improvement of the manuscript. It may be accepted as it is now.

Author Response

We would like to extend our sincere appreciation to the reviewer for the kind advice.

Reviewer 3 Report

Authors have addressed my concerns but the following newly added statement 'Highlighted' need to be corrected, Lines 286-290:  "On the other hand, because of unsaturated double bonds in the molecular chains of oleic acid, linoleic acid, and α-linoleic acid, the fatty acid molecules and glycerol chains will produce decomposition free from the effect of oxygen and temperature, thereby resulting in the generation of chain-breaking fatty acids, hydroxyl radicals, peroxides, ketones, aldehydes, and other substances.

Author Response

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Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

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